Culture of Gujarat

Culture of Gujarat

01/05/2021 by : Ravi Bhadja
Culture of Gujarat

The culture of Gujarat forms an integral part of the Indian culture. Even with extensive modernization, Gujarat and its people have been able to preserve the rich culture and tradition of the ancient past. Noted for their colorful dresses, the people of Gujarat – popularly known as ‘Gujaratis’ – exhibit a very warm and friendly nature and the ‘untouched’ simplicity about them constitute an integral part of the beautiful Culture of Gujarat. Gujarat boasts of an extremely rich Art Architecture and Culture, which is reflected in the day-to-day lives of the local populace. The amiable and peace loving Gujaratis are well known for their concern and affection for all life forms.

Cuisine

A great proportion of Gujaratis is vegetarians. The standard ‘Gujarati Thali’ consists of lentils, rice, roti and vegetables, snacks like farsaan, salads, and sweet dish. The Gujaratis are known for having a sweet tooth. Their every dish accompanies a sweet dish. In addition to that, every dish has a hint of sweetness added to it.

Costumes

Their costumes differ by their living habitats, several outfits are worn by the people of Gujarat in rural or urban areas. Generally, men wear trousers and shirts or t-shirts and younger women wear normal western outfits like skirts, dresses, jeans, etc. Older women usually wear saris or salwar kameez. In rural parts, people are found to wear dhotis and kurtas or bandis. Even traditional outfits like chania choli by women and kedia dress are worn by men in rural areas or during cultural festivals.

Language

The local language and their mother tongue is ‘Gujarati’ and is spoken by almost all the people living in Gujarat. Surti, charotari, kathiawai and Kutchi languages are among the many others languages like Marathi, Sindhi, and Punjabi etc. are spoken in Gujarat regions.

People

About one-fifth of the estimated Gujarat’s population consists of Scheduled Castes, Ahmedabad having the highest proportion of them. About 70% of the population is Hindus, the rest being Muslims and Jains. Almost one-third of the total population is urbanized or developed.The diverse ethnic groups comprising the Gujarati population has resulted in the cultural diversity of the state.The diversified ethnic groups can be categorized as Indic (northern-derived) and Dravidian (southern-derived). The Indic group comprises the Nagar Brahman, Bhatia, Bhadela, Rabari, and Meena castes; while the Dravidian origin includes tribes like Bhangi, Koli, Dubla, Naikda, and Macchi-Kharwa. Apart from the above mentioned, the state is the home to the native Bhil tribe. The wide-ranging culture of Gujarat is adequately verified in the various characteristic traits of the people of different parts of the state.

The diversified ethnic groups can be categorized as Indic (northern-derived) and Dravidian (southern-derived). The Indic group comprises the Nagar Brahman, Bhatia, Bhadela, Rabari, and Meena castes; while the Dravidian origin includes tribes like Bhangi, Koli, Dubla, Naikda, and Macchi-Kharwa.

Apart from the above mentioned, the state is the home to the native Bhil tribe. The wide-ranging culture of Gujarat is adequately verified in the various characteristic traits of the people of different parts of the state.

Folklore and Folk Arts

The folklore and folk arts of Gujarat, form a foremost part of the Culture of Gujarat. Most of the art traditions and cultural heritage of Gujarat can be traced back to the ancient period of Lord Krishna. The people of Gujarat exhibit a natural fondness for singing and dancing. They have special songs and dances for every occasion and festival celebrated all round the year. They have, till date, successfully preserved Gujarat’s rich tradition of song, dance, and drama.

Most admired dance forms are Dandiya Raas and Garba. Some other popular folk dance forms include Tippani Nritya, Siddi dance, Padhar Nritya, Dangi Nritya and other local tribal dances. Bhavai is the popular folk drama in Gujarat. Gujarati handicrafts, which are famous worldwide, are also an integral aspect of the culture of Gujarat.




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