Source: holidifycomJama Masjid also is known as Jami or Jumma Mosque which literally means Friday Mosque is the grandest mosque of Ahmedabad. It was built in 1424 during the reign of Emperor Sultan Ahmed Shah I. To the west of the mosque are the tombs of Ahmed Shah I, his son and his grandson followed by the graves of the queens of the king.
Inside the wondrous mosque, the prayer room is covered by four domes. It is built in the Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The mosque contains many features like domes are carved like lotus flowers similar to those of the domes of Jain temples. Whereas, some of the pillars have hanging bells that often hang in Hindu temples.
The wide open courtyard, floored with white marble, is surrounded by a row of pillars painted with huge Arabic calligraphy and has a tank for ritual cleansings in the center. The main prayer hall, called Qibla, has over 260 columns supporting the roof. The Qibla is a wired network of pierced stone screens placed between the two pillars supporting the roof.
Architecture of Jama Masjid
The architecture of the mosque is of Indo-Islamic Style. The Jama Mosque of Ahmedabad has a wide open courtyard (75 m long and 66 m wide). It is encircled by a fence-like structure, all painted with Arabic calligraphy. The passages and mosque are built with yellow sandstone and carved and sculpted with intricate and exquisite detailing.
The mosque contains many elements not necessarily noticeable to the viewer. Some of the central domes are carved like lotus flowers; and some of the pillars are carved with the form of a bell hanging on a chain, in reference to the bells that often hang in Hindu temples. The mosque and arcades are built of beautiful yellow sandstone and carved with the intricate detail that mosques of this period are known for. While the two principal minarets neighboring the main arched entryway collapsed in the 1819 earthquake, their lower portions still stand.
The main prayer hall has over 260 columns supporting the roof, with its 15 domes, making a walk through the hall a beautiful network of light and shadows. Lattice-work stone screens (called the ‘Jaali’) are placed between the two pillars of the central openings. The main entrance is framed by two columns, the remains of two minarets (the ‘shaking minarets’) which were destroyed by the earthquakes of 1819 and 1957 foreign invaders who wished to explore the reason behind the shaking minarets.
How to Reach Jama Masjid
Ahmedabad is the capital of Gujarat hence well connected via all modes of transport. Public transports are available to go to Jama Masjid.
Jama Masjid in Ahmedabad remains open for tourists and visitors all round the clock expect on Friday afternoon prayers. It is a beautiful heritage site that should be preserved for the future generations to explore and see.